Statement of Significance
Through consultation with those that have an interest in this CMP and the preceding research, all of the perspectives have been considered and have provided an input into deciding Villa Fume’s heritage values. In addition the heritage criteria of the World Heritage Convention (UNESCO, WHC) was used to parallel comparative research and provide a guideline. Also the operational guidelines of the convention have been applied where possible to this CMP to further highlight the cultural value Villa Fiume holds.
Villa Fiume contributes a significant historic heritage value to the four original village settlements of Castelbianco at the gateway of the Pennevaire Valley, strategically located initially to prevent the access of invasion into the Piemonte region via this valley. This settlement dates back to around the mid 17th century comprising of historic late renaissance elements that paralleled the architecture of this movement. The rebirth of this area during the course of political conflicts in history makes it a valuable representation of its evolution from a fortified configuration to being utilised as a weekend retreat property. The rooftop garden is also a place of significance, as a pleasure or giardino segreto (secret garden) for contemplation. This is conveyed through the architectural elements, as well as its locality, mentioned in key elements, which contribute value in line with UNESCO criteria.
Villa Fiume also holds a significant amount of indigenous cultural heritage, which is exemplified by the traditions of subsistence agriculture, cultural food practices, and how the people lived as a small community collaboratively. The elements that reinforce this are; the cellar, kitchen, bedrooms, and livestock stables, all of which exemplify the traditional cultural dialogue reinforced in the research conducted so far. The heritage of food practices is very prominently protected in Italy, especially through UNESCO (2015), which has included the Mediterranean Diet in its Intangible Cultural Heritage List. In addition the many artefacts that have been grouped as a key element also provide evidence of a narrative once lived by the original settlers at Villa Fiume. This relates to UNESCO, criteria.
Villa Fiume also holds a great deal of natural heritage in natural the environment of its grounds, which contain significant habitats for native plants, which promote biodiversity and resonate Slow Food seasonal produce ideologies. The orto (vegetable garden) and the terrazzo’s (terraces) are elements that support this value and are reinforced by UNESCO, criteria.